Title: Longleaf Pine Ecosystem Restoration: The Role of Fire
Author: Barnett, James P.
Source: Journal of Sustainable Forestry, Vol. 9, No. 1/2, 1999, pp. 89-96
Description: Longleaf pine (Pinus pulustris Mill.) ecosystems once occupied over 36 million hectares in the southeastern United States lower coastal plain. These fire-dependent ecosystems dominated a wide range of coastal plain sites, including dry uplands and low, wet flatlands. Today, less than 1.3 million hectares remain, but these ecosystems represent significant components of the Region's cultural heritage, ecological diversity, timber resources, and present essential habitat for many animal and plant communities. Fire was an essential component of the original longleaf pine ecosystems. The landscapes were characterized by open stands of mature iongleaf pine with a savanna-like understory that were biologically diverse. Recent improvements in the technology to artificially regenerate longleaf pine has stimulated interest in restoring longleaf pine on many sites. Long-term studies show that the frequent use of fire hastens initiation of height growth, reduces undesirable competing vegetation, and stimulates growth and development of the rich understory. So, fire is an important element in establishing the species and is critical to achieve and maintain the biologically diverse understory that is characteristic of the ecosystem.
Keywords: Pinus palustris, biological diversity, fire-dependent ecosystems, reforestation, stand management
View and Print this Publication (105 KB)
Pristine Version: An uncaptured or "pristine" version of this publication is available. It has not been subjected to OCR (Optical Character Recognition) and therefore does not have any errors in the text. However it is a larger file size and some people may experience long download times. The "pristine" version of this publication is available here: View and Print the PRISTINE copy of this Publication
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility
Barnett, James P. 1999. Longleaf Pine Ecosystem Restoration: The Role of Fire. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, Vol. 9, No. 1/2, 1999, pp. 89-96.