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Title: Role of Predators on an Artificially Planted Red Oak Borer Population
Author: Galford, Jimmy R.; Galford, Jimmy R.
Source: Res. Note NE-331. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 2 p.
Description: Adult survival of first-instar red oak borer larvae, Enaphalodes rufulus (Haldeman), implanted into red oak trees, Quercus rubra L., was 4 times greater when the larvae were protected from predators. Nitidulids, ants, and woodpeckers accounted for 40 to 60 percent of the mortality in unprotected larvae. Most mortality in protected larvae occurred from unknown causes during the first overwintering period.
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Galford, Jimmy R. 1985. Role of Predators on an Artificially Planted Red Oak Borer Population. Res. Note NE-331. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 2 p.
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