You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsites
Author: Marion, Jeffrey L.; Cole, David N.
Source: Ecological applications. 6(2): 520-530
Description: We studied the impacts of camping on soil and vegetation at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. We assessed the magnitude of impact on campsites that varied in amount of use and in topographic position. We also evaluated change over a 5-yr period on long-established, recently opened, and recently closed campsites, as well as on plots subjected to experimental trampling. Campsite impacts were intense and spatially variable. Amount of use and topographic position explained some of this variation. Soil and vegetation conditions changed rapidly when campsites were initially opened to use and when they were closed to use. Changes were less pronounced on the long-established campsites that remained open to use. In the trampling experiments, impact varied greatly with trampling intensity and between vegetation types. An open-canopy grassland vegetation type was much more resistant to trampling than a forb-dominated forest vegetation type. Campsite impacts increased rapidly with initial disturbance, stabilized with ongoing disturbance, and-in contrast to what has been found in most other studies-decreased rapidly once disturbance was terminated. Implications of these results for campsite management strategies, such as use concentration or dispersal, and rotation or closure of campsites, are discussed.
Keywords: campsite impact, campsite recovery, Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, experimental trampling, northeastern United States, recreation ecology, recreation impact management, recreation impacts, riparian forests, temporal variation
View or Print this Publication (491 KB bytes)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
Marion, Jeffrey L.; Cole, David N. 1996. Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsites. Ecological applications. 6(2): 520-530
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility