Title: The mating system and genic diversity in Martínez spruce, an extremely rare endemic of Méxicos Sierra Madre Oriental: an example of facultative selfing and survival in interglacial refugia
Author: Ledig, F. Thomas; Bermejo-Velázquez, Basilio; Hodgskiss, Paul D.; Johnson, David R.; Flores-López, Celestino; Jacob-Cervantes, Virginia
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1156-1164
Description: Martínez spruce (Picea martínezii T.F. Patterson) is a conifer currently passing through a bottleneck, reduced to a few relict populations totaling less than 800 trees. We used isozyme markers to analyze the mating system and survey the level of genic diversity in two populations. The mating system was characterized by a high frequency of selfing. The multilocus outcrossing rates (tm) and 95% confidence intervals were only 0.399 (0.197 < tm < 0.601) for the smallest population and 0.589 (0.475 < tm < 0.703) or 0.685 (0.465 < tm < 0.905), depending on year, for the largest. These are among the lowest rates of outcrossing observed in conifers. The fixation indices for the two populations were 0.058 and 0.121, less than expected for such high levels of selfing. Expected heterozygosity, unbiased He, based on 22 loci in 13 enzyme systems, was 0.121 and 0.101 in the two populations. The proportion of the total genic diversity between populations, FST, was 2.4%. Nm, the number of migrants per generation, was about 1.00 or 10.17, depending on the method of estimation. The time since the two populations were isolated was estimated from Neis genetic distance as only 150 to 15 000 years, which is consistent with a hypothesis of population collapse during late Pleistocene or Holocene warming. We discuss the implications for conservation.
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Ledig, F. Thomas; Bermejo-Velázquez, Basilio; Hodgskiss, Paul D.; Johnson, David R.; Flores-López, Celestino; Jacob-Cervantes, Virginia 2000. The mating system and genic diversity in Martínez spruce, an extremely rare endemic of Méxicos Sierra Madre Oriental: an example of facultative selfing and survival in interglacial refugia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1156-1164.