Title: Elevated enzyme activities in soils under the invasive nitrogen-fixing tree Falcataria moluccana
Author: Allison, Steven D.; Nielsen, Caroline; Hughes, R. Flint.
Source: Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38:1537-1544
Description: Like other N-fixing invasive species in Hawaii, Falcataria moluccana dramatically alters forest structure, litterfall quality and quantity, and nutrient dynamics. We hypothesized that these biogeochemical changes would also affect the soil microbial community and the extracellular enzymes responsible for carbon and nutrient mineralization. Across three sites differing in substrate texture and age (50–300 years old), we measured soil enzyme activities and microbial community parameters in native-dominated and Falcataria-invaded plots. Falcataria invasion increased acid phosphatase (AP) activities to 490 μmol g-1 soil h-1 compared to 30–60 μmol g-1 soil h-1 in nativedominated stands. Extracellular enzymes that mineralize carbon and nitrogen also increased <0.89 on the 50- and 200-year-old substrates, respectively. These results suggest that Falcataria invasion alters the composition and function of belowground soil communities in addition to forest structure and biogeochemistry. The increased activities of AP and other enzymes that we observed are consistent with a shift toward phosphorus limitation and rapid microbial processing of litterfall C and N following Falcataria invasion.
Keywords: Nitrogen fixation; Extracellular enzyme; Phosphorus; Litter quality; Bacteria; Fungi; Invasive species; Acid phosphatase; Decomposition; Hawaii
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Allison, Steven D.; Nielsen, Caroline; Hughes, R. Flint. 2006. Elevated enzyme activities in soils under the invasive nitrogen-fixing tree Falcataria moluccana. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38:1537-1544.